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English Short Test 2
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Directions : out of the four alternatives, choose the one which best expresses the meaning of the given word.

EXPLOITATION

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Direction : In these question you have a brief passage with multiple questions following the passage. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.

Passage – 1

Shunyata is a key concept in Buddhist philosophy, more specifically in the ontology of Mahayana Buddhism. "Form is emptiness, and emptiness is form." This is the paradox of the concept. Emptiness is nonexistence but not nothingness. Also, it is not non-reality. Emptiness means that an object, animate or inanimate, does not have its own existence independently. It has its meaning and existence only when all the elements or components it is made of come into play and we can understand and impute its existence clearly. The Buddhist concept of emptiness is often taken as nihilism. Nihilism as a concept means that reality is unknown and unknowable, and that nothing exists. Plato held the view that there is an ideal essence in everything that we have ground us, whether animate or inanimate. The Dalai Lama says that shunyata is the absence of an absolute essence or independent existence. If a thing exists, it is because of several other factors. One might as well ask: is it possible to have a partless phenomenon? According to the Madhyamika school of thought, there can be no phenomenon without constituents. Every phenomenon in the universe has to have parts or constituents to come into being. The Dalai Lama says, "As your insight into the ultimate nature is deepened and enhanced, you will develop a perception of reality from which you will perceive phenomena and events as sort of illusory. And that mode of perceiving reality will permeate all your interactions with reality."

Q.What is the meaning, of the word 'permeate' as used in the passage?

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Mark For Review

Direction : In these question you have a brief passage with multiple questions following the passage. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.

Passage – 1

Shunyata is a key concept in Buddhist philosophy, more specifically in the ontology of Mahayana Buddhism. "Form is emptiness, and emptiness is form." This is the paradox of the concept. Emptiness is nonexistence but not nothingness. Also, it is not non-reality. Emptiness means that an object, animate or inanimate, does not have its own existence independently. It has its meaning and existence only when all the elements or components it is made of come into play and we can understand and impute its existence clearly. The Buddhist concept of emptiness is often taken as nihilism. Nihilism as a concept means that reality is unknown and unknowable, and that nothing exists. Plato held the view that there is an ideal essence in everything that we have ground us, whether animate or inanimate. The Dalai Lama says that shunyata is the absence of an absolute essence or independent existence. If a thing exists, it is because of several other factors. One might as well ask: is it possible to have a partless phenomenon? According to the Madhyamika school of thought, there can be no phenomenon without constituents. Every phenomenon in the universe has to have parts or constituents to come into being. The Dalai Lama says, "As your insight into the ultimate nature is deepened and enhanced, you will develop a perception of reality from which you will perceive phenomena and events as sort of illusory. And that mode of perceiving reality will permeate all your interactions with reality."

Q. Find the correct statement with respect to emptiness.

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Mark For Review

Direction : In these question you have a brief passage with multiple questions following the passage. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.

Passage – 1

Shunyata is a key concept in Buddhist philosophy, more specifically in the ontology of Mahayana Buddhism. "Form is emptiness, and emptiness is form." This is the paradox of the concept. Emptiness is nonexistence but not nothingness. Also, it is not non-reality. Emptiness means that an object, animate or inanimate, does not have its own existence independently. It has its meaning and existence only when all the elements or components it is made of come into play and we can understand and impute its existence clearly. The Buddhist concept of emptiness is often taken as nihilism. Nihilism as a concept means that reality is unknown and unknowable, and that nothing exists. Plato held the view that there is an ideal essence in everything that we have ground us, whether animate or inanimate. The Dalai Lama says that shunyata is the absence of an absolute essence or independent existence. If a thing exists, it is because of several other factors. One might as well ask: is it possible to have a partless phenomenon? According to the Madhyamika school of thought, there can be no phenomenon without constituents. Every phenomenon in the universe has to have parts or constituents to come into being. The Dalai Lama says, "As your insight into the ultimate nature is deepened and enhanced, you will develop a perception of reality from which you will perceive phenomena and events as sort of illusory. And that mode of perceiving reality will permeate all your interactions with reality."

Q. Mahayana Buddhism deals mainly with

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 Direction : In these question you have a brief passage with six questions following the passage. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.

Passage – 1

Shunyata is a key concept in Buddhist philosophy, more specifically in the ontology of Mahayana Buddhism. "Form is emptiness, and emptiness is form." This is the paradox of the concept. Emptiness is nonexistence but not nothingness. Also, it is not non-reality. Emptiness means that an object, animate or inanimate, does not have its own existence independently. It has its meaning and existence only when all the elements or components it is made of come into play and we can understand and impute its existence clearly. The Buddhist concept of emptiness is often taken as nihilism. Nihilism as a concept means that reality is unknown and unknowable, and that nothing exists. Plato held the view that there is an ideal essence in everything that we have ground us, whether animate or inanimate. The Dalai Lama says that shunyata is the absence of an absolute essence or independent existence. If a thing exists, it is because of several other factors. One might as well ask: is it possible to have a partless phenomenon? According to the Madhyamika school of thought, there can be no phenomenon without constituents. Every phenomenon in the universe has to have parts or constituents to come into being. The Dalai Lama says, "As your insight into the ultimate nature is deepened and enhanced, you will develop a perception of reality from which you will perceive phenomena and events as sort of illusory. And that mode of perceiving reality will permeate all your interactions with reality."

Q. The Dalai Lama is of the view that

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 Direction : In these question you have a brief passage with six questions following the passage. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.

Passage – 1

Shunyata is a key concept in Buddhist philosophy, more specifically in the ontology of Mahayana Buddhism. "Form is emptiness, and emptiness is form." This is the paradox of the concept. Emptiness is nonexistence but not nothingness. Also, it is not non-reality. Emptiness means that an object, animate or inanimate, does not have its own existence independently. It has its meaning and existence only when all the elements or components it is made of come into play and we can understand and impute its existence clearly. The Buddhist concept of emptiness is often taken as nihilism. Nihilism as a concept means that reality is unknown and unknowable, and that nothing exists. Plato held the view that there is an ideal essence in everything that we have ground us, whether animate or inanimate. The Dalai Lama says that shunyata is the absence of an absolute essence or independent existence. If a thing exists, it is because of several other factors. One might as well ask: is it possible to have a partless phenomenon? According to the Madhyamika school of thought, there can be no phenomenon without constituents. Every phenomenon in the universe has to have parts or constituents to come into being. The Dalai Lama says, "As your insight into the ultimate nature is deepened and enhanced, you will develop a perception of reality from which you will perceive phenomena and events as sort of illusory. And that mode of perceiving reality will permeate all your interactions with reality."

Nihilism is concerned with the fact that

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Direction : In Question some part of the sentences have errors and some are correct. Find out which part of a sentence has an error :
Reading pages after pages (A)/ she went through the novel (B)/ quickly. (C)/ No error(D).

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Direction : In Question some part of the sentences have errors and some are correct. Find out which part of a sentence has an error :
Ramu shall (A)/ avail of (B)/ this opportunity of go to Saudi Arabia. (C)/ No error (D)

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Direction : In Question some part of the sentences have errors and some are correct. Find out which part of a sentence has an error : He is one of those persons (A)/ who is never satisfied (B)/ with any achievement. (C)/ No error (D)

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In Question sentences given with blanks to be filled in with an appropriate word(s). Four alternatives are suggested for each question. Choose the correct alternative out of the four :
I ______ you to be home by 8 o'clock.

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In Question sentences given with blanks to be filled in with an appropriate word(s). Four alternatives are suggested for each question. Choose the correct alternative out of the four :
Admission was ______ ladies.

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Direction : out of the four alternatives, choose the one which can be substituted for the given sentence.

Things that are already twisted together

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Direction : out of the four alternatives, choose the one which can be substituted for the given sentence.

Unable to be removed

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Direction : out of the four alternatives, choose the one which can be substituted for the given sentence.

A person dissatisfied with existing state of affairs

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Directions : out of the four alternatives, choose the one which best expresses the meaning of the given word.

ENDURANCE

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Directions : choose the word opposite in meaning to the given word.

REDRESS

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Directions : choose the word opposite in meaning to the given word.

ALLEVIATE

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Directions : Four words are given in the question, out of which only one word is spelt correctly/wrongly out of them. Find the word spelt correct/wrong and mark your answer.

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Direction : four alternative are given for the Idiom/Phrase in below sentence. Choose the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the Idiom/ Phrase and mark it in the Answer Sheet.

Look off colours

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Direction : four alternative are given for the Idiom/Phrase in below sentence. Choose the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the Idiom/ Phrase and mark it in the Answer Sheet.

Nip in the bud

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Direction : four alternative are given for the Idiom/Phrase in below sentence. Choose the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the Idiom/ Phrase and mark it in the Answer Sheet.

Make hay while the sun shines

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Direction: A sentence/ a part of the sentence is italicised in bold. Below are given alternatives to the italicised part at (A), (B), (C) which may improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative. 

Instead of teaching abstracted concepts, we should tell stories of real people so that the audience can identify with the characters.

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Direction: A sentence/ a part of the sentence is italicised in bold. Below are given alternatives to the italicised part at (A), (B), (C) which may improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative. 

The disparity between the earnings of the poor and the rich has widen in the last few decades.

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Direction: A sentence/ a part of the sentence is italicised in bold. Below are given alternatives to the italicised part at (A), (B), (C) which may improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative. 

When the fell down the ditch, he shouted with all his might, so that to catch someone's attention.

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In Question sentences given with blanks to be filled in with an appropriate word(s). Four alternatives are suggested for each question. Choose the correct alternative out of the four :
You will come, _______?

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